Archive for the ‘Cloud’ Category
Despite ongoing concerns about compliance and governance, the public cloud offers tempting benefits for some use cases. Here are the ones worth serious consideration.
Public cloud solutions remain mired in a sea of distrust because of their inability to overcome enterprise governance and reliability concerns. Yet, these solutions are still finding inroads into enterprises if they can present specific business solutions to line of business managers who are championing them. In today’s business settings, where are public cloud solutions most likely to succeed, and what can public cloud providers learn from this adoption to enhance their chances for future adoption?
First, offer a solution that delivers economy that enterprises can’t resist!
Several public cloud solutions are gaining traction in this area. Among them are:
#1 Application testing and staging
Public cloud IaaS (infrastructure as a service) enables enterprises to forego building new data centers or expanding existing ones. They do this by offloading their application development, testing and staging to third-party cloud providers. Since they can pay a baseline subscription that increments or decrements on a pay-as-you-go basis, enterprises incur no new capital expenses and they also reduce the risk of resources that sit idle during times when application development, testing and staging activities are slow. As long as a cloud provider has governance and data protection policies that meet enterprise standards, outsourcing is an option that can be extremely attractive to CIOs and CFOs.
#2 Temporary processing and storage needs
During peak processing times like the holiday retail season, enterprises can increment processing and storage by “renting” the resources they need from the cloud. The financial benefit is much the same as it is for application testing and staging.
#3 Data archiving
Again assuming that the cloud provider can meet corporate governance standards, some enterprises are opting to offload historical data from their data centers to the cloud. This assumes that the data will not be needed for big data trends analytics, and is for long term storage purposes only.
#4 Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI)
The jury is still out on VDI, which began as a “hot” idea to reduce office software licensing fees, but resulted in both performance and management issues for VDI–but it is still on corporate CIOs’ radars.
Next, offer a solution that solves an issue that enterprises can’t solve on their own!
#5 Supplier management
ERP (enterprise requirements planning system) was designed for internal processes and operational integration within the walls of the enterprise. Unfortunately, businesses going global need to manage thousands of suppliers worldwide through a series of external business processes and data exchanges that their internal systems are ill-suited for. A number of cloud-based providers are making a splash in the supply chain area by offering integrated networks of suppliers and companies—all with secure access to a uniform data repository.
#6 Back-office optimization
So much work has gone into revenue generation that enterprises still find themselves losing on profit margins because of inefficient back-office operations that eat up profits, and that they can’t seem to fix. Especially in industries like brokerage and financial services, there are now cloud-based analytics solutions that determine where back-office “profit bleed” is occurring—and stop it.
#7 Sales force management
Field-based operations like sales are another example of an external business function that is difficult for traditional enterprise systems to address. A plethora of cloud-based solutions are being utilized by enterprises that enable real time access to sales management and customer relationship management systems, giving everyone in sales, marketing, service and the C-Suite 360-degree visibility of the customer and of sales progress.
#8 Project management and collaboration
Project management activities in enterprises have suffered for years because of inefficient and monolithic project management systems that depended on a central project administrator to keep tasks updated as information came in. Needless to say, the accuracy of project status suffered—often spelling disaster for project timelines and deliverables. Now there are cloud-based solutions that link together every project participant and stakeholder, enabling real time updates to projects and real time collaboration that project managers have never seen before.
While these use cases are promising for public cloud providers, it doesn’t change the fact that many public cloud providers are still struggling to attain the market shares they want because of continuing enterprise skepticism over the strength of their governance—and their ability to deliver solutions that are significantly better than what the enterprise already has. No doubt, these perceptions will continue to haunt public cloud providers in the near term. This makes it more important than ever to fill a need that enterprises can’t meet—or to deliver a cost savings proposition that is so compelling that it is impossible to ignore.
Posted October 19, 2013on:
The pundits would have you believe there is a popular debate and a difficult decision among IT architects – whether to go with a private cloud deployment, public cloud deployment, or a hybrid combination. They say the decision comes down to factors that are individual to each organization. But the truth is, there really is no debate at all (at least there shouldn’t be).
Private cloud is inefficient. It is built on a model that encourages bad overprovisioning. In fact in order to get maximum benefit from private cloud – true elasticity – you have to overprovision. The public cloud, on the other hand, is the most widely applicable and delivers the most value to a majority of businesses.
Here is why the public cloud should be your only consideration:
#1 The need for regulatory compliance. Security or privacy regulations and audits are often years behind the industry, but their rules can be challenged. We’ve seen customers exceeding auditors’ expectations, make a case for their architecture, and win the day, providing them with all the benefits of a public cloud architecture with all the security needed by common regulatory requirements, even HIPAA, SOX, or DOD standards. This is hard to replicate with private clouds, because with internal data protection you are going to have internal SLAs and internal compliance checklists, which require frequent upkeep, higher costs and a more complicated infrastructure.
#2 Start-up companies need the public cloud. These companies are often involved in development with uncertain requirements. They don’t know what they might need day-to-day. And many can be on a very tight timeline to get their products to market. These situations mandate a public cloud deployment, like AWS, where more or less resources can be configured and absorbed in a matter of minutes. While they might maintain a small infrastructure onsite, the majority of their infrastructure simply has to be in the public cloud.
#3 Security needs to be a primary concern for any cloud-based deployment. Web and cloud security can change very quickly; and some perceive a public cloud infrastructure to be more vulnerable than a private cloud, but that’s actually a misconception. A private cloud allows IT to control the perimeter; but it’s also responsible for staying on top of a rapidly shifting security landscape and making all required fixes, updates, and upgrades. Public clouds take care of all that. Data is protected by both managed security on a software and physical level, since large-scale data centers like those used by public cloud providers have state-of-the-art security. For example, more than half of the U.S. Government has moved to the public cloud; and surprisingly the banking industry holds the most activity (64 percent) in the public cloud – over social media, online gaming, photo applications, and file sharing. [IT Consultants’ Insight on Business Technology, NSK Inc., "7 Statistics You Didn’t Know About Cloud Computing."]
#4 The need for redundancy and disaster recovery. To truly make a private cloud redundant, you need to host virtual mirrors of the entire infrastructure across multiple hosted providers, which can be public clouds themselves. To keep it completely private, organizations need to run those data centers itself – a vastly expensive proposition. There really isn’t a better choice for this scenario than a well architected cloud deployment. Taking AWS as an example, this cloud can be incredibly redundant if you take advantage of its lesser known features. Region-to-region redundancy, for instance, means the infrastructure is backed up not just in different data centers in the same general region (like the US Northeast, for example), but also in a second, removed region (such as the Pacific Northwest). Many AWS customers don’t even consider this and feel that multiple zones in the same region are enough. That’s possible, but opting for region-to-region puts data and virtual infrastructure in two very different locations, and should anything happen to one, the odds are very small that anything happened to the other. AWS can get very granular with such deployments, too, offering around the world redundancy and even ensuring that certain data centers are located on different seismic plates. This can be mirrored with a private cloud deployment, but the cost is colossal.
#5 Which brings us to the issue of cost. Budget is, of course, a huge factor in this decision and becomes a highly individual consideration with multiple factors that can affect a decision. Companies with large amounts of infrastructure already installed might find it cheaper to implement a private cloud, since in many cases they already have not only the hardware but also the operating systems and management tools required to build a private cloud. But the flip side is that hardware infrastructure, and the demands made on it by software, especially operating systems, changes about every 3-5 years.
Public cloud deployments are entirely virtual, which means the hardware hosting those virtual machines is irrelevant because it’s on the provider to keep that infrastructure current. That represents significant cost savings long term. Smaller companies that need to stretch their investment as far as it can go will see those benefits right away. These organizations will be very attracted to not only the infrastructure services offered by the public cloud, but also the application-level services offered by partners and other customers of providers like AWS. In this case, an organizations is not only deploying servers in the cloud, it’s feeding end-user applications on a subscription basis, bypassing the cost of software licensing, deployment, and updating. That’s very attractive to companies that want to be agile, regardless of the size of the company, with limited IT resources, and even companies who analyze their annual expenditures and find a public cloud deployment compares favorably to that cost.
Most IT professionals and market researchers contend that while the majority of businesses today are eyeing a hybrid deployment, that’s really because they’re being conservative. Yet we know that data centers are a single point of failure. So can we really afford to be conservative? How many private cloud deployments are fully redundant across multiple physical buildings on separate flood plains and earthquake zones? For the small group that has implemented full redundancy at the data center level – try asking for their hypervisor license bill and their maintenance and support labor costs.
Private vs. public is a hot debate among technical circles, but in most cases, taking a long, careful look at the public cloud will show it to be the best-case answer. Is successful private cloud deployment possible? Of course. Is it efficient? No.
Developers are in a unique position to educate and to capitalize on cloud opportunities. Unlike learning new programming techniques or Frameworks, cloud learning moves beyond development. There are infrastructure aspects to consider as well as potential organizational process and policy changes. However, developers know the application and cloud administration is a much lower bar, than, for example network administration. If you’re looking for a strategy to follow to cloud enlightenment; you’re reading the right article.
Give the Cloud a Whirl
When it comes to the cloud, don’t wait for the storm to hit you, but rather educate yourself; there is no substitute for experimentation and hands-on experience. Start by separating reality from marketing. Almost every cloud vendor offers a free trial. For example: Microsoft Azure offers a free trial. If you are truly new to cloud development; imagine borrowing a company server for 3 months; only there is no setup time. Just turn in on and away you go.
Given that experimentation time is limited; go for breadth rather than depth. Get a taste of everything. What most developers find is; after some initial orientation and learning the experience becomes what they already know. For example: Azure has an ASP.NET based hosting model called Web Roles. After configuring and learning Web Role instrumentation, the development experience is ASP.NET. Learning Azure Web Roles amounts to learning some new administration and configuration skills; coupled with a handful of new classes. The rest of what you need to know is nothing new if you’ve done ASP.NET!
Developer must keep their time constrained. Struggling for hours with something new is often not worth the effort. One should question wide adoption of something that will be difficult to work with. Cloud offerings are typically not niche or differentiating skills like, for example, SQL Server tuning.
Whatever cloud option a developer starts with; understand the authentication options. Intranet developers typically take authentication for granted. ASP.NET makes authentication look easy. Consider all the moving parts involved in making authentication automatic and secure. Understanding authentication is especially important if parts of an application will live within the organization’s datacenter and within the cloud provider.
Finally, look for the right opportunities to apply these new skills.
Navigating the Fog
Most developers are adept at picking when to jump on new technology and when to pull back. Unlike adopting, for example, a new Web Services approach; adopting a cloud option entails learning a little more administration. The cloud can give a developer total control, but the cost is learning a bit more administration.
Developers may find themselves in new territory here. Typically a “hardware person” selects a machine and a “network person” selects and configures a firewall. Cloud portals make network and server configuration easier, but the portal doesn’t eliminate the configuration role. The public cloud handles the hardware; but the developer must choose, for example, how many; CPUs, servers, and load balancers will be needed. This lowers the administration bar, but also might place the burden on the developer.
The cloud will not be the right option for every project. Give the cloud a fair chance. Decision makers may have two reactions to cloud; outright rejection or wild-eyed embrace. Neither reaction is healthy. There is middle-ground. Don’t let unrealistic expectations set by marketing brochures guide the first project. A developer’s experiences described earlier in the article will be helpful here. Set the bar low. Make the first experience a good experience.
Supplementing with the Cloud
One potential approach is to supplement with the cloud. Let the cloud handle some part of the application. For example: requirements may dictate a web page to handle user registration. Registrations often have deadlines and, given human nature, people often procrastinate. Registration traffic is likely to spike the week or a few days before the deadline. Rather than purchasing servers to accommodate the spike; leaving usage idle for most of the year, do registration in the cloud. Dial up more servers the week before registrations are due and dial the server could back down the week after registrations are due.
Aside from technical change; cloud adoption may require organizational change.
Clouds Don’t Work in a Vacuum
I would bet good money that most developers reading this article have no idea which ports in their organization are closed to incoming TCP/IP connections. However knowing who to ask is far more important than what is known. In some sense every organization is its own private cloud. Networking professionals have been connecting things together longer than developers. Internet performance is considerably different than Intranet performance. Cultivate relationships with whoever operates your Firewall.
Passing through a Firewall is overhead. Your organization’s infrastructure may not be cloud ready. Though if your network people banter about DMZs; chances are your organization’s infrastructure is probably cloud ready. As stated earlier authentication is important to cover; forcing users to authenticate multiple times within an application is intolerable to most users.
Budgeting for servers may be different than budgeting for compute cycles. There may be concern over whether compute cycles will amount to more than purchasing a server or two. There is no shortcut here. Just like any other budgeting a developer must do the math. Again, this may be new territory for developers. Typically developers aren’t asked how much storage an application requires. Typically the storage cost is spread throughout the projects an organization conducts. Budgeting difficulties may be a good reason not to do a project. The upside is; after doing the math a developer will likely find that costs are far below buying the hardware.
The cloud gives a developer control over all components from administration to assemblies. Added control comes with a price. A developer must venture into some new territory. This article provided a path to follow.
What is your opinion on cloud opportunities? Is it worth to give a trial? What is your personal experience in adopting a cloud option? Maybe you have some thoughts to share!
The early days of video –gaming seems to be gone away. Video games companies offer their game players new graphics and playing options to get what they want and to make better choices.
So Cloud gaming seems to be one of the recent openings and growing trends in the gaming industry. Lately gamers had to choose which game platform to buy: console, PC or portable device. Until now. Thanks to cloud gaming service the gamers can play freely through the cloud on any displays, including TVs, monitors, laptops, tablets, and even smartphones.
But what actually is cloud gaming?
Cloud gaming is a form of online games that uses a cloud provider for streaming. Its means that like all online games whether it is multiplayer games, Xbox or PlayStation cloud games as well need network connection and console to be played. However instead of having a playable copy of the game you download the game itself from the cloud service and stream it instantly.
The main advantages of cloud gaming are:
1. Instantly playable games in your browser. Cloud computing games allows the game to be streamed instantly and be played in a seconds.
2. No need of any installations. All games are stored on a cloud service, so there is no need to download and install them on the hard drive.
3. No specific hardware required. Game content isn’t stored on the user’s machine and game code execution occurs primarily at the server so it allows you to run almost all modern games even on a less powerful computer. Your computer necessarily requires only the ability to play HD-video (720p) and an Internet connection at a speed of 5 Mbit / s with low latency.
The negative effects go beyond the positive benefits and features. So let’s see what they are:
1. The main disadvantage of cloud gaming at the moment is the internet. It requires a reliable and fast internet connection to stream the game and play to your TV or monitor at home. Without a decent connection, it can make games look slow and unplayable.
2. Second hand market. There is a large amount of people who buy second-hand games. Once you completed your title, people generally trade in their old game for a new one. With Cloud gaming, you never own a physical copy making the whole process of trading in your old game for a new one redundant.
Gaikai and onLive
Currently there are two growing cloud projects launched from 2009- 2010 OnLive Game Service and Gaikai,game platforms which breathed new life into video game development.
OnLive is available on different devices: TV consoles, tablets, PCs, Mac OS, smartphones. On the official web site/store www.onlive.com the games could be purchased, rented and be downloaded as a free trial as well.Besides for 100$ you can buy box OnLive Game System, by which cloud game can run even on your TV. And the games also could be played on your tablet or on your smartphone from your PC, Mac or TV via Wireless Controller OnLive for the cost of 50$.
OnLive also provides worldwide interactive playing it means that you could share your playing with other players on the spectating Arena, share your best video moments instantly on Facebook or talk with the players with Voice Chat.
Alternatively, GAIKAI www.gaikai.com, which unlike OnLive, is a cloud-based gaming service that allows users to play high-end PC and console games via the cloud and instantly demo games and applications from a webpage or internet-connected device.Library of games from a service GAIKAI is not too big, but it has a number of popular projects that are not in OnLive, for example: FIFA 12, Bulletstorm, Crysis 2, Dead Space 2, Dragon Age 2 and others.
The benefit of Gaikai’s service is that the company isn’t limited to gaming. The company is actively soliciting streaming partners to utilize Gaikai’s infrastructure, servers, and platform.
On July 2, 2012, Sony Computer Entertainment invested $380 million USD with plans of establishing their own new cloud-based gaming service.
Betting on the future?
Is cloud gaming the future? The media companies like Sony, Gaikai and OnLive think certainly so, as they invest in its development and promotion. At the same time the gamers are still doubtful on the game quality and prefer playing on consoles than on cloud. The main problems/uncertainties that gamers point are mostly connected to the buying habit and staying online playing. The question with the internet connection seemed to be decided with cable providers like AT&T, Verizon, Time Warner, and Comcast that are planning to enter the cloud-gaming space, debuting their services as early as next year.Last thing needs to overcome is the dependence of physical owning.
So maybe if these downsides could be materialized in the benefits it will help to point the biggest skeptics out, and make them believers.
Thank you for your attention and feel free to leave your comments and share your thoughts/experience at this point!