There are a lot of different stacks and stack combinations used by developers working with JS, but in this article we will take a look at these two (that are considered to be the most popular ones): MEAN and MERN.
Common features between MEAN Stack and MERN Stack
Both MEAN and MERN:
• Support the MVC (Model View Controller) architecture to make the development process flow smoothly.
• Come with a pre-built extensive suite of testing tools.
• Open source in frameworks.
• Have great teams backing them and ample amounts of documentation, examples, &etc.
So this is a little bit about the common. But there are certain features distinguishing them from each other.
MEAN vs MERN: let’s compare
At the end of the day, both stacks are great options. And the choice between MEAN and MERN stacks just comes down to choosing between Angular and React, which are suitable for almost any application need.
Before moving a step ahead, check here the synopsis comparison of Angular and React:
And now let’s see more about React and Angular.
A little bit about Angular
Angular is a giant in itself that inculcates the complete open source TypeScript based framework and implementation details. Angular is most commonly used in SPA (Single Page Applications) which are known to provide seamless UX as it allows rendering the entire page without refreshing it.
The Angular framework runs on all browser environments regardless of its platforms. So far Angular has established itself as a reliable framework as it includes off-the-rack tools and also has robust components which are evolved in Juxtapose. What is more, Angular comes with a Bi-directional data binding feature that, in fact, primary differs it from React.
A main drawback is that Angular does not consist of extensive, all-inclusive documentation or a clear manual, and learning of this framework can demand a lot of time.
Briefly about React.js:
As for the disadvantages, a traditional MVC framework like Rail needs configuration and integrating React.js into it slows down the development time and process.
Ok, clear. But how should I choose between MEAN and MERN?
The selection of MEAN/MERN stack depends upon the development and functional requirement of the system to be developed.
If you have several developers and are going full-on enterprise product, you will go Angular. For example, an enterprise level project like LinkedIn preferred MEAN stack. The major reason behind this is to maintain the architecture. Although MERN stack makes UI rendering considerably simpler, it is just a library. It just provides means to make rendering easy. On the contrary, Angular provides a well-organized framework to support MVC architecture or rather MVW (Model-View-Whatever) architecture where the database and UI code is isolated with an intermediate layer. This helps in managing the code easily and making upgrading of code an easy task.
Thus, when it comes to adding features to the application, React involves additional configurations while Angular is well organized to make it a plug and play job. So when it comes to Enterprise-level architecture, React can be great at first, but a pain later down the road.
While it is difficult to say which companies use MEAN and which one uses the MERN stack in its entirety, here is some of the popular brands using either Angular or React:
• NASA, HBO, Nike and YouTube use Angular.
• Uber, Dropbox, Netflix, Instagram, PayPal, and Flipkart have chosen React.
Another thing to consider while choosing between MEAN and MERN stacks, it is the familiarity of the developer with either Angular or React.
Everyone should remember that React is indeed very different than Angular. If you aren’t already used to flux architecture and unidirectional data flow, then React can be difficult to pick up. It also uses JSX which takes some time getting used to if you’re coming from traditional html. Angular is a bit easier for developers to jump into because it follows the familiar MVC pattern.
Taking into account the mobile application development, using the MEAN approach includes availing the strong capabilities of Ionic framework whereas implementation of MERN is best benefited by the use of React Native.
Thanks for reading!
Business Development Manager